初中英语写作

范文1:初中英语写作课

初中英语写作课教学写作是英语教学的重要内容,也是中考试卷的重要组成部分,写作在英语教学中的地位是毋庸质疑的,所以,上好每周的写作课,提高学生的英语写作水平是当务之急。我认为将阅读文和写作有机地结合起来教学,既能培养学生良好的阅读习惯,又能培养学生的写作能力。

一、改进阅读课教学,重视仿写

教材中的阅读文有较强的代表性和实用性,应鼓励学生阅读后仿写相似题材和内容的文章,这样的写作就不会结构混乱、内容空洞。为了将阅读和写作有机的结合起来,我认为阅读课的教学应帮助学生了解课文的脉络及组织结构,了解一个主题是怎样展开的,内容是如何充实的。可以这样来引导学生:先让学生通读全文,了解大意,并用英语总结中心句;然后让学生将课文分部分阅读,并让学生用英语总结出每部分的中心内容并写在黑板上,让学生根据文中具体内容进行复述,至此,学生对怎样用英文来表述已有把握,在此基础上写作,学生就不会感到无从下笔或语无伦次,且习作一般都有脉络清晰、内容充实、故事完整、用词及表达方式也较地道的特点。

二、优化写作课教学,重视积累

我认为一堂写作课,可以按照以下三个阶段去进行准备:

(一)准备阶段写作是按词组、句子、段落和篇章四个层次来练习的,所以我在这一阶段的教学中是采用下列方法指导学生写作训练的:首先,引导他们准备出写作相关的词汇和英语惯用法;其次,扩词成句或列出相关句型,尤其是动词句型;接着,观察并完成教材中提供的仿写例文,明白怎样组段谋篇;然后,教他们如何品评例文。上述每一件事都是由学生完成的,能极有效地提高学生的写作能力。教师的指导作用表现在决定学生该干什么,指导学生如何干,纠正学生的错误。

(二)写作阶段写作阶段的教学目标是要求学生在充分准备的基础上进行文字写作实践。这一阶段的具体内容包括:拟草稿;自检错误;推敲文字然后初步定稿。英语写作能力的提高不可能一蹴而就,因此,教师应由易到难,由简到繁,循序渐进地进行教学,帮助学生逐步提高写作的技能,逐级提升英语写作水平。

(三)修改阶段课堂上即写即改,有效指导,及时反馈,(1)课堂上限时完成作文。(2)例文修改。在学生写完作文后,教师可挑两篇例文,从单词拼写、短语搭配、语法运用、内容涵盖、过渡自然以及书写规范等方面来指导学生进行评改。在课堂上修改作文时候不能只把眼光盯在错误的地方,而应尽量发掘文章中的闪光点并适当给予鼓励和表扬,以提高学生的积极性。(3)自我修改作文。要求学生修改自己的文章让学生自己发现错误、改正错误。在这期间教师通过巡视了解学生,视情况并给予一些帮助。同时教师也能尽快得到反馈信息。也可以同学互改。

当然,若时间充分的话可以组织小组合作修改,培养协作精神在批改作文时,教师经常会发现学生一些普遍性和典型性的错误,如时态错误、句型搭配不当、词语运用有误等。如果都一一修改将浪费许多时间和精力。所以教师可以摘录学生习作的典型错误,在讲评课前将病句抄在或投影在黑板上,然后要求学生分组讨论合作修改,讨论结束各小组由一名学生总结他们的修改意见,小组合作修改让每个学生都参与到作文修改当中,激发了学生的学习积极性,又为学生互帮互助、合作交流营造了氛围。最后,必要的时候,教师可以对学生习作进行当面批改。面批尤其对学习有困难的学生是一个及时辅导的机会。

附:教师要求学生的基本修改有四项:一是检查体裁,看文章的格式布局、开头和结尾用语是否正确;二是检查要点是否齐全,字数是否符合要求;三是检查语法是否有错误,可建议学生写作时参考教科书或一些有关语法资料,或向他人求教;四是检查拼写、大小写、标点符号及词形变化是否正确,行文是否流畅,语言是否丰富,对于文章的评判来说也是十分重要的。

范文2:浅谈初中英语写作

浅谈初中英语写作要提高英语写作水平,需两方面训练:一是基础知识的训练,二是写作知识能力的训练。

写作难,对于中国学校的学生来说更难,它不仅要受到词汇、语法的限制,更要有语言习惯的不同。词汇掌握有限的学生,可多看看词典,这对于提高写作的表达能力会很有帮助,要先学人家怎么表达,再学会自己表达。

在中国的中学中,教写作训练时,要从词组、句型训练入手,强化基础知识。任何文章都由句子组成,句子又由词组、基本句型构成,掌握好词组,基本句型,再加上合适的时态,一篇文章就基本完成了。写作时,学生可以先列出题目中所提供的信息,把句子重新组合。组织句子要用自己最熟悉的短语或句型,要扬长避短,避难就易。

中国学生要想学好英语写作,不仅要掌握写作方面的技巧,而且要有丰富的英语知识,只有这样,才能学好英语写作。

在中国学校中,要想教好英语写作训练,首先要要求学生打下牢固的语言基础,有相当程度的语言造诣,良好的语言修养和敏锐的语言感知能力。教学生懂得写作具体步骤,了解写作的性质,掌握写作的技巧,更为重要的是,中国学生还必须解决用英语思维问题。

英语中的“写作”包括“写”和“作”两部分。所谓“写”主要是指书面练习,包括单词拼写、句型转换、拆并句子、完型填空、造句、翻译等,它属于知识巩固性的笔头操练;所谓“作”是指作文练笔,它是思维表达的方式,是运用创造性劳动的过程。

主要部分

英语写作一直是学生最为头痛的事,它必须是由简到繁,由易到给,循序渐进地进行训练。只有坚持不懈,持之以恒,才能有所收获。怎样教英语写作呢?在平常教学中,让学生从以下几个方面入手:

一、认识英语与汉语写作的不同1、英语与汉语写作的不同

英汉写作既有相同之处,又有不同之处。教英语写作时,我们应该注意英语和汉语之间的不同。它要放在特定的语言环境中去。例如:打电话时介绍自己时要用这是,而不是我是。

英语写作只要熟练掌握字、词、语法、惯用法的限制,学生只要注意两种语言的不同,抓住要点就可以了。

2、摆脱母语的束缚

由于初学写作者在英语语言学习过程中缺乏系统的认知心理,所以在用英语表达意思过程中,必然受到母语的影响,其表达方式不遵从英语的表达或思维习惯,而按照中国人的表达方式或思维方式强行组成词句,致使写作中错误百出,出现大量错误。

二、在阅读中学写作1、由词到句的训练阶段

在写作教学中,应加强词汇方面的训练,让学生积累写作词汇。每个单元都坚持听写单

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词、词组。有时可以讲英语,有时可以讲汉语,让学生写出相应的词或短语。对于课文中的重要句型,让学生先划出来,分析句子结构,然后让他们熟读,第二天上课时利用几分钟时间听写。有时可以全班交来批改,有时抽查几个同学或对照书本,自己更改。用所学的词语、词组和句型造句。每学完一篇课文后,我们一般都要求学生用所给的单词、词组造句,在课堂上,我们针对每单元所学的单词造句,进行操练。引导学生多做一些一句多译练习。考试时选择自己最熟悉的句型进行写作,就会减少失误。通过做汉英互译练习,暴露出学生受汉语影响的问题,对此,老师应及时纠正,这样有助于规范学生的英语表达能力。

2、由句到段的训练阶段

由句到段训练阶段,我们可以改写或缩写课文。学生在学习课文时积累了不少词汇、句型,在此基础上要求他们改写作文。我们可以把书本上的对话部分进行一系列的写作训练。还可以结合课本,进行各种体裁的书面表达。课本中有记叙文、日记、便条、书信、广告、说明等体裁,文中还有大量的插图,可以利用这些图片让学生看图说话写作。要学好写作,就必须从课文练起,从常见的文体做手,由短到长,由浅入深。

3、丰富学生的词汇量

词汇是英语写作必不可少的基本要素,要写好一篇作文表达自己的思想,必须以足够的词量为基础。国家教育部颁发的《英语课程标准》要求初中毕业生的认知词汇量应达到1600个,习惯用语达到300个,但实际上大部分学生掌握的词汇量都达不到要求,因此就增加了写作的难度。

英语写作是语言应用的一个重要方面,也是语言能力测定的重要手段,阅读是写作的基础,阅读是写作的基础,阅读方面下的功夫越深,驾驭语言的能力就越强。

在作文教学中处处听到一个字“难”,作文教学要与阅读教学密切配合。在作文教学中,要引导学生把从阅读中学到的基本功运用到自己的作文中去。让学生阅读中学到写作,把阅读训练与写作有机结合。在阅读中,让学生在读中理解、吸收,在读中写。要把写作教学落在平时。语言材料的积累是写作的基础。教师要为学生创造大量阅读条件,教给学生阅读方法,让学生阅读,让他们记住其中要点,自己认为好的句子、古诗名句、名人名言等,鼓励学生多记,多背,这样学生写会得心应手,再也不会感到心中无话说了。

三,提倡模仿,背诵好的范文模仿是人类学习,掌握技能的重要方法之一。模仿的特点在于针对性强,有法可循,既降低了学习的难度,又取得了明显的效果。培养学生的英语写作能力,以课文为中心,训练写作能力非常重要。每学一篇课文或对话,都要给学生划出一些重要句型,叫学生抄写,背诵和默写。由短到长,由浅入深地训练写作。这样不仅可以帮助学生巩固课本所学知识,也为提高写作打下坚实的基础。这样持之以恒地进行下去,对我们写作会有很大帮助。对于初学写作的学生而言,应积极提倡模仿范文,培养好文风,只要能够模仿,教师都应给予肯定。平时,做语文写作时,要求多记,多背好的范文。英语也是如此,平常多背好的句子,文章,写作时会起到好的作用。只要我们平时学习时多留意,多收集素材,写作就不会手忙脚乱,无从下手了。然而,如果仅仅掌握了写作技巧,熟背大量文章,不亲自动手去写,也是不行的,没有一成不变的文章让你抄写。写作完成后,对照范文,找出差距,然后再练习。平时素材积累多了,写作时就会得心应手。

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当然,英语写作需要一个长期的、持久的过程,并非一朝一夕所能写好的。要想提高学生的写作水平,必须狠抓学生的基本功的训练,促进学生写作能力的提高。此外,还要注重写作知识和能力的提高。

英语写作是一个学生综合能力的书面体面,是一个长期复杂的训练过程,也是学生应掌握的一项基本技能。任何文章都是由句子组成,句子又由词组、基本句型构成。掌握好词组、基本句型,再加上合适的时态,一篇文章就基本完成了。有的学生一拿到写作题目,脑子一片空白,不知道该说什么,这时,应该由具有体、细小的事物所引发的思考形成观点,再进行写作,这种思维的开成需要多下功夫,多练习,变无话可入为有话可说。

写作时,我们可以先列出题目中所提供的信息,再加上时态,把句子重新组合,文章大体就成型了。书面表达是英语写作的重要组成部分,训练时,要从词组、句型的训练入手,强化基础知识。写作应以作文为中心,由易到难地,切合实际地进行训练。在写作教学中,老师应根据实际情况,有计划、有步骤地对学生进行阶梯达标训练,提高学生写作水平。

在写作训练时,可以强调学生先说后写,让学生构思后,把要写的内容先说出来再写,培养口头写作能力,并让学生把“说”和“写”联系起来,不仅提高了口语表达能力,而且提高书面语言表达能力,使学生写作时做到中心明确,条理清楚。另外,写作也可以在题目许可的范围内挑选自己熟悉的句型、词汇,只要有一定的英语基础,就可随机应变。

综上所述,英语写作最基本的就是具备英语写作的基本功,也就是正确运用语言知识,恰当地组织安排,并能有效地用文字表达思想。做到这一点,也就可以说已经跨入了英语写作的大门。教英语写作训练,并非一朝一夕所能完成,它需要一个持久的过程,同学们平时多加强训练,做一个有心人,写作一定会取得理想成绩。

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范文3:初中英语写作技巧

英语写作技巧(一)初中英语写作要领。

书面表达,首先要抓住所给的提示,然后运用所学词汇、语法及句型,避繁就简,简明表达要讲的内容。

那么,如何才能做好英语写作题呢?这里介绍五个要诀以供参考。1.紧扣中心;2.意思连贯;3.富于变化;4.注意时态;5.不“生造”句子。

书面表达是一项能够充分考查学生语言综合运用能力的题型,一般来说,书面表达采取情景作文和控制作文两种形式。情景作文多为看图填词、看图写话、看图作文等形式,后者指根据所给条件进行写作的形式。

以上两种书面表达形式,都不同于自由写作,都不允许同学们随意发挥,更不许逐词逐句地翻译提示,而是要求考生抓住信息大意,用自己所学的、熟悉的语言进行表达。所以,无论哪一种书面表达形式,都要求做到以下几点:

1.紧扣题目,准确、全面地表达出要点中规定的全部信息和内容,不得遗漏;2.表达正确,意思连贯,过渡自然;3.格式正确,书写规范,标点正确,字数符合要求。做好“书面表达”这道题,应该从以下几方面入手:一、充分准备,打好基础

为了提高书面表达水平,平时应加强阅读,应背诵一些句型、段落、甚至短文。只要读得多,背得多,就能出口成章,下笔成文。此外,还要了解英文写作方面的基础知识,掌握常用文体的写作方法。其实,用英文写信、记日记等都是学生力所能及且行之有效的练习写作的好方法。

二、仔细审题,明确要求

对题目所提供的信息要认真分析,明确要求,做到心中有数。要对所提供的信息加以分析、整理,使之更加具体化、条理化,为开始动笔做好准备工作,还要搞清题目的要求,以便根据不同的题材、体裁,写出不同格式,风格各异的文章。此外,还要注意人称、时态、地点等信息,避免出错。

三、抓住重点,寻求思路

根据题目所提供的信息,草拟提纲,寻求逻辑次序,确定如何下手。否则,语无伦次的文章将不会被人接受,也不可能得到高分。四、遣词造句,表达规范

用词要适当,不可逐句把提示汉译英,亦不可生拼硬凑,不要硬拿英语单词到中文句子里去对号,否则写出中文式英语,闹出笑话。一般来讲,写作时,应尽量选出你有把握的词,尽量使用短句(简单句)。如果有的单词不会写,有的思想不会用英语表达,你可以设法绕开,最好找一个同义词、同义句,或近义词、词组短语来代替。要正确使用关联词,如 and,or,but,so,because,since 等,以便行文自然流畅。除此之外,写作时还要注意时态、语态的各种句式的交替作用,使文章显得得体,表达流畅。五、修改润色,锦上添花

作文写完之后,应注意检查修改,修改时先从全局修改。首先要检查主题是否明确,表达方式是否恰当,接下来检查所写内容是否切题,该交待的内容是否交待了,最后检查所用时态、人称是否符合要求,最后是否一致。

局部修改,也就是段落、句子水平上的修改。作局部修改时,要检查段落是否完整,句子表达是否准确,语法、拼写、标点、移行、大小写等方面是否有误。

另外,值得一提的是,考生修改时,一定要注意文章长短(词数)是否达到了要求。为了便于辨认,修改好后,还要认真誊写一遍,英语誊写的基本要点如下:1.四周应留空。

2.标题应写在第一行的中央。文章与标题间空2-3行,除介词、连词、冠词外,标题中每一个实词的第一个字母均应大写,但如果第一个单词是介词、连词等,这个词的第一个字母仍应大写。

3.段与段之间一般不空行,但每段第一行应缩进4-5个字母所占的位置。4.书写工整、规范,卷面整洁,词间距要一致,尽量避免移行。5.要删掉一个词时,用一条粗横线划掉,不要用括号括起来。

誊写完后,还应仔细校阅1-2遍。校阅要逐词逐句进行,注意检查语法、拼写、标点、大小写等方面的错误。校阅是自检的最后一关,应严肃认真的进行,尽可能地消灭一切差错,增强文章的效果。

经过以上工作,最后呈现在评卷老师面前的应该是一份干干净净、整整齐齐、主题突出、语言流畅、用词恰当的作文。

(二)初中英语写作中常见的十二种句型。带下划线的句子要求背诵。句型(一)

such+名词性词组+that

So+形容词/副词+that如此以致

例如:(1)She is such a good teacher that we all love her.她是一个好老师,我们都爱她。(2)It was such a hot day that they didn’t go out for a walk as usual.这么热的天气,他们没有像往常一样去散步。注意点:

1.such+a+形容词+名词+that,可以改写成:so+形容词+a+名词+that,例句(1)可以改写成:She is so good a teacher that we all love her.2.在such+形容词+名词复数或不可数名词+that结构中,形容词如果是many/few或much/little时,用so不用such,即:so+many/few+可数名词复数+that,so+much/little+不可数名词+that

(1)There are so many people in the room that I can’t get in.房间里人太多,我进不去。(2)The man has so much money that he can buy a car.那人很有钱,他能买一辆小汽车。句型(二) There be,eitheror,neithernor,not onlybut also

例如:(1)There is a pen and two pencils in his pencil-box.他的铅笔盒里有一支钢笔和两支铅笔。

(2)Not only you but also I have been to the Great Wall.你和我都没有去过长城。(3)Either you or I am leaving for Shanghai.要么你去上海,要么我去上海。(4)Neither you nor he is right.你和他都不对。

(5)Both Jack and Tim are English. Jack和Tim是英国人。注意点:

当这几个句型连接主语时,谓语动词的人称和数要考虑“就近原则”,对比bothand

来记忆,bothand连接主语时视为复数。句型(三) Enough+名词+to do有足够的做某事形容词/副词+enough+to do 足够做某事例如:(1)There is enough room to hold these people to have a meeting.有足够的地方容下这些人开会。

(2)The boy is strong enough to carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气够大,能搬动这只箱子。注意点:

enough做副词修饰形容词或副词时,放在所修饰词的后面,句子可以用sothat句型改写。例句(2)可以改写为:The boy is so strong that he can carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气很大,能搬动这只箱子。句型(四) too+形容词/副词+to do太以致不能

例如:(1)I was too excited to say a word.我激动得一个字也说不出来。(2)Tom is too short to reach the apple. Tom太矮了,拿不到那个苹果。注意点:

这是一个否定句型,不能在不定式前加 not,可以用sothat结构改写,例如例句(1)可以改写成:I was so excited that I couldn't say a word.句型(五)

So that 以便/以致

例如:(1)They studied hard so that they could pass the exam.他们学习很努力,为了能通过考试。

(2)They started early so that they caught the early bus.他们起得很早,结果赶上了早班车。注意点:

在例句(1)中,是引导目的状语;在例句(2)中,是引导结果状语。一般来讲,从句中含有情态动词的,为目的状语。无情态动词的,为结果状语。句型(六)祈使句+then/or/and+陈述句

例如:(1)Work hard,and/then/and then you will live a happy life.努力工作,你就会过上幸福生活。

(2)Hurry up, or we will be late for school.快点,否则我们上学就迟到了。注意点:

以上句型都可以用条件状语从句来改写。例句(2)可以改写成:If we don’t hurry up,we’ll be late for school.句型(七)(1)It’s time for sth.是干某事的时间了。 It’s time (for sb) to do sth.该干某事了。 It’s time that sb did sth.该干某事了。

例如:(1) It’s time for the meeting.该开会了。(2)It’s time for us to go to school.我们该上学了。

(3)It’s high time that you went to bed.你该上床休息了(虚拟语气)。注意点:

在句型(3)中,可以在time前加rush、 high等修饰词,这个句型是虚拟语气的一种,含有“稍迟一点”的含义。而(2)则是“正是干某事的时候”。

句型(八)(1)It takes sb. Some time to do sth.干某事花某人一些时间

(2)sb. spend some time on sth./(in) doing sth.某人花时间在某事上/花时间干某事(3)spend some money on sth./(in) doing sth.花钱在某物上/花钱干某事(4)sth. cost sb. Some money某事花某人一些钱(5)pay some money for sth.为某事(物)付钱

例如:(1)It took me two hours to write the letter.写这封信花了我两小时的时间。

(2)He spends half an hour (in) reading English every morning.他每天早上花半小时读英语。(3)He spends one hour on the housework every day.他每天花一小时做家务。(4)The bike cost me 298 yuan.这辆自行车花了我298元。(5)I spent 298 yuan on the bike.我买这辆自行车花了298元。(6)I paid 298 yuan for the bike.我花了298元买这辆自行车。

注意点:cost主语一般为物;spend、pay主语一般为人。例(1)中it 用做形式主语,动词不定式为真正主语。句型(九)

(1)Why not do?为什么不干某事?(2)Let’s do 让我们干某事吧。(3)Shall we do ?我们干某事好吗?

(4)Would you like something/to do sth.?你想要什么吗?你想要干吗?(5)Will you please do ?请你干某事好吗?(6)What (How) about doing?干某事怎么样?例如:(1)Why not go and ask our teacher?Good idea!Let’s go.为什么不去问问老师?好主意!走吧!

(2)Shall we go out for a walk?No, let’s go to the zoo.我们去散步怎么样?不,我们去动物园吧。

(3)Will you please fetch some chalks for me?请你给我拿些粉笔,好吗?

(4)What about singing an English song? Wonderful!唱首英语歌曲怎么样?好极了!(5) How about going to the park?去公园怎么样?

注意点:这些句型都是表示“建议”的句子,可视为同义句。句型(十)(1)Let’s go out for a walk,shall we?让我们出去散步,好吗?(2)Read the book carefully,will you?认真读书,好吗?

注意点:在这两个句型中,(2)所代表的祈使句,一般用will you构成反意疑问句。在(1)中Let’s表示包括“我”在内,用shall we,但若是let us,表示不包括“我”在内,则用will you。

例如:Let us clean the class room,will you?我们把教室打扫一下,好吗?句型(十一) So+be/助动词/情态动词+主语也

Neither/Nor+be/助动词/情态动词+主语也不

例如:(1)He can sing a lot of English songs,so can she.他会唱很多英语歌曲,她也是。(2)She speaks English very well,so do I.她英语说得好,我也是。

(3)Li Lei hasn't read this book,neither has Lin Feng.李蕾没看过这本书,林风也没看过。注意点:这两个句型都表示和前面所陈述的内容相同,用倒装句。要注意和“so+主语+be/助动词/情态动词确实是”相区别,试对比一下例(2):

A:She speaks English very well.她英语说得很好。 B:so she does.确实是这样。句型(十二) I don't think his answer is right.我认为他的答案不对。例如:(1)I can't believe she is right.我相信她是不对的。

(2)You don't think they will come tomorrow, do you?你认为他们明天不会来,是吗?注意点:Think、believe、suppose 等接宾语从句时,表示否定时否定主句。变为反意疑问句时,若主语是第一人称,简短问句与宾语从句的主谓语保持一致,若主句主语是其他人称,与主句主谓语保持一致。例(1)变为反意疑问句应为:I can’t believe she is right, is she?

(三)经典初中英语写作范文欣赏。

1、Great changes in my hometown More than twenty years ago, my hometown was just a small , old and poor town. Most of people were farmers. There were few factories. The people didn't have enough food to eat and wore old clothes. They had a hard life . Great changes have taken place in the past twenty years . The people have found a lot of ways of making money . Now there are many tall buildings . They are very beautiful . Roads are wide and clean . People can take buses or drive their own cars to go to work . Many people have cell phones and personal computers. People’s living conditions have improved a lot . Thanks to the government’s efforts . my hometown is becoming more and more beautiful .2、Save the earth

How to protect the environment has become one of the biggest problems in the world . It’s our duty to protect our environment . No matter where we live , we should do something to keep our neighborhood clean and tidy . We can collect waste paper or other waste things for recycling. We should plant more trees and we should prevent those factories from pouring waste water into rivers, lakes and fields. We shouldn’t leave rubbish everywhere and spit in public places . We mustn't pick the flowers or step on the grass in public. If everyone tries his best to protect the environment , the world will become much more beautiful and our life will be better and better .3、Improve our environment

Good environment can make people feel happy. To improve the environment means to qualify our life . What should we do to improve our environment ? We should plant more trees . And we should prevent those factories from pouring waste water into rivers , lakes and fields . Whenever we see litter on the ground , we should pick it up and throw it into a dustbin . Don’t spit in public places . Don’t draw on public walls . It’s our duty to keep our earth clean and tidy .4、Make our world more beautiful !

Protecting the environment is becoming more and more important to humans . It’s our duty totake care of the nature around us . Animals and plants are our best friends ., and we should share the world with them . We shouldn't kill wild animals , and we must protect forests because they are animals’ home . We must plant more trees and grass , they can make the world greener . The more beautiful the world is, the happier lives we will have . Let’s do our best to make the world beautiful.

5、Keep our school clean

We are studying in this school. It is our duty to keep it clean and tidy. It is not good to spit in public places, such as in the library, in the class. We shouldn't leave rubbish here and there. Don’t draw pictures on the wall, they influence the look of our school . We should keep the classroom clean and tidy. And we should do some cleaning often. If everyone tries his best to do something useful for our school, I’m sure our school will be more beautiful .6、My country life

I like to live in the countryside. I live in a small village. There is a river near it. Lots of trees are around my house. I can see a lot of farms and birds. There is less noise. The air here is cleaner and fresher. There are fewer cars. I read aloud early in the morning. When it is getting dark, the moon is bright in the sky. It’s very quiet . What a nice place I live in !7、How to learn English well

As we know , English has become an international language. It is more popular than any other language in China . English is widely spoken in the world and it is the most useful language around the world . But how to learn it well ?

The best way is to use it all the time . If we can talk in English , think in English we can learn it well . At school , we should learn to hear , speak, read and write carefully . We should spend enough time in practicing English . If we keep on working hard at English , we will be able to be good at it one day .8、How I learn English

Hello, everyone. It is my honor to talk with all of you about how to learn English well . I like English very much . I always preview and master the main idea of the lesson before class. In class , I listen carefully , speak loudly and write carefully and take notes if necessary . After class , I do my homework carefully . I watch English movies and listen to English songs . I have booked an English newspaper . It’s Times English Post , I can learn a lot from it . I am not afraid of remembering the new words because I master many good methods . I hope you work hard at English and make progress every day . That’s all .9、How I improved my English

When I began to learn English, I was poor at it. I was quite worried at that time. Later I 1istened to the teacher attentively in class, and made notes carefully. If I had any question, I asked my English teacher or my classmates for help. Every morning I read the English texts aloud andlistened to the English tapes. In the evening, after finishing my homework, I always read some English and magazines. Now I am one of the best students at English in my class.10、The importance of English English is the most widely spoken in the world. It’s spoken by most people in the USA, Great Britain, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. It's also very widely used as a foreign language in many other countries of the world. It's widely used for business between different countries. More than three quarters of the information on the Internet is in English, too. It is really a bridge to so much knowledge . English is used by travellers and business people around the world. It's one of the world's most important languages as it is so widely used. That's why more and more people in China are interested in learning English. English is so useful that we must learn it well . Now let’s work hard at it and see who learns it faster and better in our class .

范文4:初中英语写作技巧

提高初中英语的写作技巧一、学生写作过程中出现的现状1.词汇量太少

词汇是英语写作必不可少的基本要素,要写好一篇作文以表达自己的思想,必须以足够的词汇量为基础,但实际上大多数学生掌握的词汇量都达不到规定的要求,因而在写作时也就不能随心所欲地表达自己的思想。出现的问题往往有拼写错误,影响理解;词语误用,表达不准确;某一词语反复使用,语言表达缺乏变式,文章显得单调乏味;文章中出现大量“造词”,让人看了啼笑皆非等。

语法规则和句型句式是英语写作涉及的另一基本要素。学生英语写作中出现的“大错”又多半是由语法错误引起的,学生在写作中语法不规范、句子结构混乱、含义不清等情况屡见不鲜,Chinese English现象更是不乏其中,所以词汇量和语法问题是中学生英语写作时首先要解决的问题。2.词汇错误较多

学生在写作的时候,中式英语Chinglish :如There are many people would like to go on a vacation. I by bike to school every day.2、词汇错误:错别字、近义词混淆、词性误用3、词组、句型使用不正确,缺乏重点句型的使用:如I spent one hour to read the book yesterday.4、时态、语态、人称把握不正确(审题不正确)。思维模式总是先汉语,后转化为英语,可能他想到了句子该怎样写,句型也知道的,但却有个别单词不会。如:“对我来说学英语是困难的”这个句子可能他想到了,句子结构“it is+adj for sb to do sth”也知道,但里面的形容词difficult不会写,导致句子表达含糊,以至于整篇文章错词百出,面目全非。

3.写出的长句达不到表达效果

一般的英语应试作文,总会给出汉语提示,学生写作也是从提示上入手,有的提示意思较长,所以学生写的时候会直接翻译,但对太长的句子又没有驾驭的能力,导致整个句子错误。4.听力较弱影响写作能力

我们所面临的是一群农村学生,他们没有特别好的条件练习听力,每次的练习时间仅仅是每节英语课上,听听力的时间是在太少。有位作家说过:“不写没有读过的语言,不读没有说

的语言,不说没有听过的语言”。很明显,通过听的渠道获得语言信息及语言感受在英语学习中基础的基础。听不来也就写不上。5.单词书写不规范,卷面书写较乱

对于大多数学生来说,格式、大小写、标点,书写不规范:句首字母大写不注意,使用从句时不会使用标点、大小写等)。如:After he went back home. He cooked supper.,考试时把单词写整齐的很少,学生普遍认为只要把单词写正确就可以得分,虽然觉得自己写的作文还可以,但卷子发下之后却没有得到期望的分数,而有的同学写作能力较差但书写整齐,写作得分也不是很低。二、提高写作的方法1.词汇的积累

初中学生在阅读理方面最大的障碍就是词汇量的缺乏,而扩大词汇量绝非死记硬背就能做到。最有效的方法就是大量接触各种不同体裁的英语文章,利用“在句中记,在文中记”的方法来积累词汇。因此我们指导学生依据英语报刊的特点,按栏目、话题、题材、体裁归类收集常用词,将出现频率较高的常用词汇积累到单词本子上,查字典写例句,初步学会这些单词的运用,放在身边,利用零散时间反复记忆,加强印象。

同时拟定时以单选、完型、阅读等形式考察学生对这些单词的掌握情况,通过测试和竞赛的方式进一步激发大家学习词汇的热情。不过,由于课程的时间安排问题,测试的工作开展较少,这也是实验工作中的一个不足。2.熟练记住单词

(1.)巩固单词拼写,培养组句能力。词汇匮乏是妨碍英语写作的最大障碍之一,有话想说,无词可写是大部分学生的苦恼。因此,我要求学生坚持每天听写、默写、循环记忆单词,掌握巩固词汇。还要求学生给出与单词有关的同义、近义、反义和词形相似的词,使词汇量得到最大限度的复现。如:反义词appear/disappear, crowded/uncrowded, polite/impolite/rude.词形相似的词except/expect, chance/change/challenge.还以某一词为中心,写出该词的不同形式或词性,组成典型的句型,从而不断丰富词汇和句型。如拼写单词die 时,不但要写出其过去式过去分词died,而且要写出其他词性(death, dead, dying),再分别组句,如:The old man died two years ago. He has been dead for two years. His death made his dog very sad. It is dying.又如写到易混淆的词pay, spend, cost, take 时,可以多种方式表达句意。He paid 20 yuan for the book. He spent 20 yuan on the book. He spent 20 yuan buying the book. The book cost him 20 yuan. It takes him 20 minutes to read the book every day.等等。这样,通过大量的词汇练习不仅仅能有效地积累词汇,还为组句打下了基础,同时还能训练学生的发散性思维和总结、归纳、比较的能力,为学生正确使用词句奠定了良好的基础。以上这些机械操练虽然枯燥,但很有必要,它是能力培养的基础。在词句落实的基础上,可向学生提出稍高的要求,如写出高质量的句子: What a happy family I have !(I have a happy family.) The story is so interesting that everyone likes it.( The story is very interesting. Everyone likes it.) He didn’t come to school, because he was ill.(He was ill. He didn’t come to school.) I am good at not only English but also math.(I am good at English and I am good at math ,too.)(2、)阅读背诵精彩段落,围绕单元话题设计书面表达。阅读是写作的熟练记住每一话题的单词。熟记单词后让他们能够熟练的运用,能够把重点单词用来造句。然后熟记词组,特别是能够熟练的运用词组,能够用词组熟练造句。用词组和单词连成简单句,只要学生将句子表达清楚,语意连贯,就是一篇好的英语文章。

3.熟练使用简单句

简单句对学生来说相对好掌握些,可以要求学生们能够熟练划分主语、谓语、宾语。正确掌握并列连词and\\but\\or等词。在写作中要求学生不能随意发挥,也不能逐字逐句的翻译所给的文章,要求学生能抓住题中所给的条件,只要考生能将题中所给的要点全部表达清楚,而没有遗漏,在写作中并且注意到语言的连贯,那么就是一篇很好的英语文章。4.加强听力训练,促进写作

目前英语听力教材使用的具体做法是:事先提出每课生词,教师领读几遍。排除生词障碍后,第一遍学生主让学生在课后反复听课文内容,并逐字逐句写下。每周星期五布置,星期一用课堂时间,教师将该文念一、二遍,让学生听写,教师收上来查阅,加以评讲。通过这种训练,提高学生的听力水平和表达能力。5.书写规范,促进写作

关于书写的卷面整洁与否,字体如何,是老生常谈话题。可是由于印象分数的一分半分之差,很可能影响一生。在此处丢分纯属不值得,这也是笔者把它放在第一位的原因。在教学过程中,应坚持要求学生书写规范,写好匀笔斜体行书,注意连写,以及文面美观。可以采用出专刊的形式,让全班同学都参加英语书法评比,从而激发学生练习英语书写的兴趣,养成良好的书写习惯。

综上所述,在英语写作中听、说、读、写应同步发展。写作是一种语言输出形式,只有语言输入大于语言输出,语言输出才有可能。英语写作训练作为英语综合能力训练之一,是与英语的听说读是不可分割的,它们是相互影响、相互作用的有机统一体,必须注重听、说、读、写能力的同步发展。

比如笔者实施多年的“五分钟课前训练”:在上正课前五分钟里,要学生用英语讲述一个故事(积累素材);或者课前朗读一篇短小精悍的文章,让大家课后模仿;或者就大家平时关心的话题写一个发言稿或演讲稿进行课前发言;或者让学生自立主题,围绕自己喜欢的主题写一段话。这种课前训练取得了很好的效果。

美国作家舒伯特指出:“Reading is writing”,即:阅读能够促进写作,因为对学生而言,他们对生活的体验、对人生的认识大多是从书本上获得,从大量的阅读中获取的,阅读不仅能帮助学生积累思想,也能帮助他们积累语言素材。“You ought to read very carefully. Not only very carefully,but also aloud,and that again and again till you know the passage by heart and write it as if it were your own.”这就清楚地说明了熟读成诵对写作是多么重要。所以要想写出好文章,就必须大量读书,它是写作的基础。

阅读对写作固然重要,但其它形式写作训练同样不可忽视,英语写作实践是英语写作理论转化为写作能力的“中介”。英语写作要突出实践,正如学习游泳一样,写作的能力是练出来的。课外练笔是课堂写作训练最有益的补充,因为课堂时间有限,仅靠课堂写作训练培养学生的写作能力是不够的。作文不是“学”出来的,而是“写”出来的。学生必须进行大量的写作练习才能掌握并且灵活运用各种写作技能,而且写作技能只有在不断写作的过程中才能逐步得到提高和完善。

此外,学生的英语语言意识和英语思维能力的培养也需要大量的练习。可见,课外练笔非常必要,应该给予重视。课外练笔的形式多种多样,可采用让学生写英语日记、写英语周记,教师也可有意识地给学生提供一些尽量贴近生活的时尚话题,如奥运会、环境保护等,让学生在课外习作。

总之,学生要提高写作能力应在教师有计划、有组织的引导下进行,开展多种形式的写作实践,努力扩大学生的生活面和知识面,以提高学生的写作能力。参考文献:

[1]胡春词,王才仁.英语教学交际论[M].南宁:广西教育出版社,1996.[2]杭宝桐.中学英语教学法[M].上海:华东师范大学出版社,2002.

范文5:初中英语写作教案

11级英语1班徐驰1105020018义务教育课程标准实验教科书人教版英语八年级上册 Unit 3 What are you doing for a vacation?教案设计

课时:1内容:Section B (4)课型:写作课一.教材分析

Section B的第四部分为写作板块,主题围绕假期计划(vacation dreams)。题目要求学生设想一个理想中的假期并写下打算做什么,什么时候去,打算呆多久等信息。这部分左边配有一幅插图,右边为示例范文的节选,给出了句型和语法。教材要求学生完成一篇描写假期安排的小作文。[分析缺乏条理性]二.学情分析

本节课面向初二学生,年龄处于13,14岁之间,学生学习热情高,自信心强。经过初一的学习,学生已经具备较好的语言基础,有一定的词汇量和语法知识,能够进行简单的写作。在上完本课Section A的内容后,能正确拼写本课有关的词汇并掌握了现在进行时表将来的时态。面临的主要问题是部分学生一见到英语写作就产生恐慌心理,特别是当看到有些情境难以用英语表达出来时。再次,学生容易轻视谋篇。认为书面表达构思简单,只要没有语言、语法错误再加上几个”漂亮”的句子就能拿高分。其次,一些学生不知道写作的主旨意图,以为写作就是要完成教师布置的任务。很多学生基本功很差,学习比较懒散,不愿积累。三.教学目标分析1.语言知识目标2.语言技能目标

能运用本课的词汇与句型写调查报告,介绍自己以及小组同学的度假安排;

3.情感态度目标

能在描述自己的计划和打算时,激起学生更加热爱祖国的美好河山。4.学习策略目标:

1.在学习中集中注意力;积极思考;善于记要点;

2.学会科学安排自己的假期活动,能和合作伙伴互相交流,充分交换信息。3.能在小组活动中积极与他人合作,相互帮助,共同完成学习任务;4.在使用英语中,能意识到错误并进行适当的纠正;5.文化意识目标

了解英美国家的人们在工作之余是如何轻松度假的。四.教学重点和难点

学会科学安排自己的假期活动并能灵活运用于生活中。提高写作能力。五.教学过程设计

教学环节 Warm-up活动

教师活动

学生活动

设计意图

老师用多媒体播放一仔细聆听,进入课堂气通过音乐活跃气氛,为首英语歌vacation

氛引出今天的话题做准备,充分引起学生的兴Revision 小组讨

①使用大脑风暴法(brainstorm)让学生想出一些和vacation 有关的单词短语和句子,并整理这些信息。

老师向学生提问:你假期最想去哪里,打算什么时候去,在那呆多久,准备做些什么,和谁一起去等等。

教师介绍文体格式,简述写作方法,提出写作要求

老师将全班同学分成6个小组,每组选出一名小组长,由组长组织组员进行对话,交流观点,挖掘主题内容,查阅生词、词组,补充有关信息等,以便进一步完善或拓展其写作思路。教师可以参与小组讨论补充有关信息等,以便进一步完善或拓展其写作思路。【太空、用具体任务】

趣,调动了积极性,激活学生头脑中和写作话题vacation相关的东西,如假期间打算去哪,花费多少时间等。这一环节贴近学生,启发了学生思维,调动了积极性,同时也教会了他们审题的方法。

以提问的形式引导学生从多方面,多角度进行思考,使学生活跃思维,为收集写作材料做准备。

论(joint negotiation )

独立思考,进行写作训练,不会的单词可以查字典或者问同学老师

小组写作是集体智慧的结晶,作文质量高,也相对工整,

根据讨论结果,小组成员每人拿出稿纸按照选定的题目进行实际独立写的创作,包括编写提纲、打草稿等写作过作(independent constr程。在这个过程中,有困难可求助于其他组uction)员或老师,但不能抄袭他人成果。同时教师可以提供一些精彩句子,

为学生写作提供素材。同伴

编教师简要传授修改策略,学生互相阅读其他组员的文章,并做必要的扩充、删节。每个组员依次评改其他组员的作文,并用红笔划出好词、好句、好段,最后定稿。在小组互评互改的基础上,选出本组最佳作品,集体修改润色后参与全班评比。

辑(peer editing)

教师点将每个小组最佳文章利用投影仪投到屏幕评(teacher commentin上教师点评,教师批改时主要就内容和文章g)

结构发表评论,提出修改意见,对于好词、好句、好段、长作文予以加分,以示鼓励;成绩进行登记。对小组写作的成果进行反馈:表扬成绩高的小组和进步的小组;把成绩最好的作文作为范文在全班朗读、学习。

自己先写一篇,看难点在哪,再设计教学任务。作业设计

课后完成一篇作文,题目为 Ten years later from now,下次上课带过来,同学之间进行阅读,修改。

教学评价

范文6:初中英语作文写作技巧

初中英语作文写作技巧一、掌握常用过渡性词语叙事文常用的句子间连接词

at first; at last; in the end… then / next/ after that… when / while/as soon as/not… until…

at the same time; at times; once in a while; so that

To one’s surprise/joy

Luckily/fortunately/unluckily/unfortunately… in a word/in all 议论文常用连接词

表示并列:either…or; neither…nor; both…and; not only…but also;

表示递进的:besides; what’s more; what’s worse;(moreover);

表示原因的:because; for…; because of…; thanks to…;(for the reason that…);表示结果的:so; as a result; so…that…; therefore;表示目的的:so that…; in order that…;(in order) to…; for…;表示对比的:while; on the one hand + on the other hand; Each coin has two sides.; prefer…to…; would rather do…than do…;表示转折的:however; but;

表示举例的:for example; for instance; such as…; like…; that is to say…

表示总结的:in all/short; in a word; in brief/ total; last but not least; last;

表示利弊的:be good/bad for sb.; be harmful to sb.; do

harm to sb.;…have great/much influence on sb.; sth. benefit sb.; sb. benefit from sth. affect; have an effect on sb.;

表示喜爱的:love/like/enjoy…; be fond of…; be interested

in…; show great interest in…; lose oneself in…; put one’s heart into…; be good at; be poor at; be weak in;

表达个人想法的:

I think/believe…;(as) for me; in my opinion/view; as a student; from the bottom of my heart; personally;其他:

in general; generally speaking; to be short; to be honest; to tell the truth; as we know; make up one’s mind to do; in a way;

二、记住作文万能句式 I will work hard to make my dream come true. I hope your dream will come true one day. It takes sb.+时间+to do…

Sb. spend(某种人称时态)+时间/钱+on sth./(in) doing sth. It’s important/necessary/useful/useless/common…(for sb.) to v…

It’s nice/kind of sb. to v.. It’s time for sb. to do sth. It’s a waste of time to… It’s …years/days since sb.+ved

It’s great fun to do=sb. have great fun doing It’s a pity that… It’s an honor to…

I’m/We’re not allowed to …

I’m afraid of making mistakes… There be …doing…

Great changes have taken place in… sth is/are well worth v-ing. It seems/seemed that… It seems (im)possible to v… It is said that… As the saying goes,…

…and …. are different in many ways. too + adj./adv. to do

There are many differences between … and … I have made up my mind to … I am sure that…

I am not sure whether/if… I would rather …. than … It doesn’t matter if…

上下文的连贯性也是评分的一条原则,因此同学们应把写好的句子,根据故事情节,事情发生的先后次序(时间或空间),使用一些表示并列、递进等过渡词进行加工整理,使文章连贯、自然、流畅。同学们应注意下面过渡的用法:

1)表示并列关系的过渡词:and, as well as, or …2)表示转折关系的过渡词:but, yet, however …

3)表示时间关系的过渡词:first, second, third, and then, finally, after, before, after a few days, at last, at that time, later, in the past, immediately, in the meanwhile, when, while, then, after that … to begin with, to start with, what is more, last, also, and then, next, besides At first; at last; in the end… then/next/after that… when/while/as soon as/not… until… in addtion finally On one hand ....on the other hand, each/one coin has two sides,4)表示空间关系的过渡词:near (to), far (from), in the front of, beside, behind, beyond, above, below, to the right, to the left, on one side, on the other side of, outside …

5)表示比较关系的过渡词:in the same way, just like, just as …6)表示对照关系的过渡词:but, still, yet, however, on the other hand, in spite of, even though …

7)表示递进关系的过渡词: also, and, then, too, in addition, moreover, again …

8)表示因果关系的过渡词:because, since, then, thus, otherwise, so, therefore ,as a result…9)表示解释说明的过渡词:for example, in fact, in this case, for, actually …10)表示强调的过渡词:in fact, indeed, necessarily, certainly, without any doubt, truly, most important …

11)表示目的的过渡词:for this reason, for this purpose, so that, in order that, so as to, in order to,…

12)表示列举的过渡词:for example , such as …

13)表示总结性的过渡词:in conclusion, finally, at last, in brief, as has been stated, in a word, in general, in all, in a word, generally speaking …

2)表转折;but, however, though, although, after all, in spite of, fortunately,unfortunately,at the same time…

3)表递近:in addition, besides, moreover, what`s more

4)因果 because, so, because of, thanks to, due to,for, since, owing to, as a result(of), hence, thus 5)例证 for example, for instance, such as

6)表示利弊的:be good/bad for sb.; be harmful to sb.; do harm to sb.;…have great/much influence on sb.; sth. benefit sb.; sb benefit from sth.; affect; have an effect on sb.;表示喜爱的:love/like/enjoy…; be fond of…; be interested in…; show great interest in…; lose oneself in…; put one’s heart into…;

7)总结 As I see, As for me ,As we all know, in general, generally speaking, I think..., in fact ,

in a word, in brief, in conclusion, in short, in summary, to sum up,

Thank you for v-ing.

If everyone can make a contribution to the earth/ nature/ society, our life will be better and better. have/look for a chance to do do outdoor activities

be/get used to (doing) sth. learn…from… be proud of/ take pride in…

play an important/active part/role in… agree with sb. to do sth. with the help of sb.=with one’s help (反义:without one’s help)

be/get ready to do sth.= be/ get ready for sth. pay attention to… take good care of … make friends with…

get on/along well with …

wish you successful/success as time goes by… graduate from…

looking back to the past three years,…(用现在完成时态) pass the (final) exam stick to doing keep you mind on your goals

make up one’s mind to do sth.(on sth.) make a decision to do work hard at English once in a while/ at times/ now and then from then on

in the future(将来)/ in future(从今以后) increase our knowledge in fact/as a matter of fact in the beginning/ at first feel like giving up

have trouble/difficulty in (doing) sth. have (no) time to do

have experience in (doing) sth. follow one’s advice/suggestions

1.重点句型

1). It is said that +句子据说… It is reported that +句子据报道…2). There is no need to do 没必要做…3). It’s adj for sb to do 做…对某人来说…4). so /such… that …如此…以至于… too … to do 太…而不能…5). not…until…直到…才…

例:I didn’t go to bed until my mother came back 6)The reason why +句子is that +句子…的原因是…

例:. The reason why he got angry was that she told him a lie.(他生气的原因是她对他说了谎。)

8). That is why +句子那是…的原因

That is because +句子那是因为…

9).10). as we all know,+句子据我们所知11). it is generally/ publicly known / considered that…,众所周知就我的看法……我认为…… In my opinion,

= To my mind,…= As far as I am concerned,= I am of the opinion that …

5.……是必要的 It is necessary (for sb.) to do / that …

……是重要的 It is important/essential (for sb.) to do / that ………是适当的 It is proper (for sb.) to do / that …

……是紧急的 It is urgent (for sb.) to do / that …例:It is proper for us to keep the public places clean

十、作文万能句式

I will work hard to make my dream come true. I hope your dream will come true one day. It takes sb.+时间+to do…

Sb. spend(某种人称时态)+时间/钱+on sth./(in) doing sth. It’s important/necessary/useful/useless/common…(for sb.) to v… It’s nice/kind of sb. to v..

It’s time for sb. to do sth. It’s a waste of time to… It’s …years/days since sb.+ved It’s great fun to do=sb. have great fun doing It’s a pity that… It’s an honor to… I’m/We’re not allowed to …

I’m afraid of making mistakes… There be …doing…

Great changes have taken place in… sth is/are well worth v-ing.

It seems/seemed that… It seems (im)possible to v… It is said that……and …. are different in many ways.

too + adj./adv. to do There are many differences between

英语作文常用句型一,开头句型

1.As far as I am concerned = in my opinion在我看来,我认为2.It can be said with certainty that...能够肯定地说3.As the proverb says 正如谚语所说

4.It has to be noticed that...应该注意的是5.It`s generally recognized that...众所周知的是6.It`s likely that 很可能7.It`s hardly that...几乎不…

8.What calls for special attention is that...需要特别注意的是9.There’s no denying the fact that...毫无疑问,无可否认

10.Nothing is more important than the fact that...没有什么比这一事实更重要.what’s far more important is that...更重要的是1

二,衔接句型

As is often the case...通常(是…)

As stated in the previous paragraph如前段所述

But the problem is not so simple. Therefore然而问题并非如此简单,所以…… But it’s a pity that...但是很遗憾的是

In spite of the fact that...不管…这一事实

Further, we hold opinion that...其次,我们坚持这一观点… However , the difficult lies in...然而,困难在于… Similarly, we should pay attention to...同样地,我们应该注意… not(that)...but(that)...不是,而是

In view of the present situation.鉴于目前形势 As has been mentioned above...正如上面所提及的 In this respect, we many as well (say)从这个角度上我们可以说

However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is...然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面,即三,结尾句型

I will conclude by saying...我将以说…来总结

Therefore, we have he reason to believe that...因此,我们有理由相信… All things considered,总而言之

Therefore, in my opinion, it’s more advisable...因此,在我看来,更具建议性的是… It can be concluded from the discussion that...从中我们可以得出这样的结论 From my point of view, it would be better if...在我看来……如果…也许更好 in one /a word,generally speaking总而言之

take measures to do sth.采取措施做某事(提出解决办法时却常使用)例如:

1.We should take measures to control pollution in order to save the world 2.We'd better take effective measures to prevent students from cheating on exams.3.The government decided to take strong measures against drug abuse.

4.Urgent measures should be taken to prevent terrorists from carrying out further attacks

中考作文必备的10句谚语

1. Every coin has two sides.每个硬币都有两面,比喻事物的两面性。

2. The winter is coming and the spring is not far.冬天已经临近了,春天还会远吗?3. Failure is the mother of success.失败是成功之母。4. Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧。5. Actions speak louder than words.事实胜于雄辩。6. A fall into a pit, a gain in your wit.吃一堑,长一智。

7. A good beginning is half done.良好的开端是成功的一半。8 Don't put off till tomorrow what should be done today.今日事,今日毕。9 Time and tide wait for no man.时不我待。

范文一:假如你是李华,你的美国好友托尼(Tony)来信询问你对未来生活的畅想。请你根据下面的内容提示,发挥想象,给托尼写一封回信。 Dear Tony,

I am very happy to get your letter. Now I will tell you about my future .

I’ll be an artist when I grow up. I love drawing and I want to draw all the beautiful things. I will live in Paris because there are lots of art exhibitions in this city. Also, my parents will live in my large house with me. Then we can enjoy the great city together. I will go sightseeing somewhere else on vacation. I will show people what I see in the world with pictures.

Yours, Li Hua

范文二:以下是对10年后生活的畅想 My Life in Ten Years

In ten years, I think I’ll be a reporter. I’ll live in Beijing, because I went to Beijing last year and fell in love with it. I will live in an apartment with my pets. I like animals very much so I’ll have many different pets. I may also collect plane tickets because I will travel a lot of places. And I think I will wear a suit during the weekdays. I hope I can go to America and Australia on vacation in ten years. So now I should work hard to make my dreams come true.范文三:

Julia has got a bad cold. Her mother has gone to Beijing on business. Now you are writing a letter to Julia to give her some advice. Dear Julia,

I am sorry to hear that you are ill. I think you should go to see a doctor and take some medicine. You should go to bed early and take a good rest. You’d better eat a lot of healthy food like vegetables. You’d better not drink coffee. It’s bad for your health. You should drink lots of water. You shouldn’t go to school tomorrow. I hope you will be better soon.范文四:

保持一份好心情(in a good mood)对我们的学习和生活都很重要。如何保持好心情呢?内容提示:1、多做运动;2、保持良好的饮食习惯;3、拥有健康的兴趣、爱好;4、乐于助人。 How to keep a good mood

It’s very important to be in a good mood. How can we keep in a good mood? Here is some advice.

First, you should do sports often. That helps you keep healthy. As you know, Good health can help you to be in a good mood. Second, you’d better have healthy eating habits. Then, good hobbies can also help you a lot, too. For example, you can listen to music and read some good books. Finally, when your classmates or friends are in trouble, you should try to help them. When you help others, you will feel happy.

6.根据下列提示写一篇短文。时间:一个晴朗的星期日早晨。

地点:人民公园(the People’s Park)人物:一些年轻人,一些老人

事件:孩子们在玩游戏,一个男孩和两个女孩在放风筝(fly a kite)。一些年轻人在跑步,一个女人在浇花。一些学生在画画(draw pictures),也有一些年轻人在照相(take photos)。在一棵大树下,一些老人在打牌(play cards),一些老人在下棋(play chess),有一只猫正向池塘跑去,想去抓池塘里的鱼吃。

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写一篇作文题为My last weekend,介绍一下,你上周末是怎样度过的,不少于50字。

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今天是周六,你的家人都在家,写一篇不少于60词的作文介绍你的家人在干什么。

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范文7:初中英语作文写作技巧

初中英语作文写作技巧一、掌握常用过渡性词语

叙事文常用的句子间连接词

at first; at last; in the end… then / next/ after that…

when / while/as soon as/not… until…

at the same time; at times; once in a while; so that To one’s surprise/joy

Luckily/fortunately/unluckily/unfortunately… in a word/in all 议论文常用连接词

表示并列:either…or; neither…nor; both…and; not only…but also;

表示递进的:besides; what’s more; what’s worse;(moreover);

表示原因的:because; for…; because of…; thanks to…;(for the reason that…);

表示结果的:so; as a result; so…that…; therefore;表示目的的:so that…; in order that…;(in order) to…; for…;表示对比的:while; on the one hand + on the other hand; Each coin has two sides.; prefer…to…; would rather do…than do…;

表示转折的:however; but;

表示举例的:for example; for instance; such as…; like…; that is to say…

表示总结的:in all/short; in a word; in brief/ total; last but not least; last;

表示利弊的:be good/bad for sb.; be harmful to sb.; do harm to sb.;…have great/much influence on sb.; sth. benefit sb.; sb. benefit from sth. affect; have an effect on sb.;

表示喜爱的:love/like/enjoy…; be fond of…; be interested in…; show great interest in…; lose oneself in…; put one’s heart into…; be good at; be poor at; be weak in;表达个人想法的:

I think/believe…;(as) for me; in my opinion/view; as a student; from the bottom of my heart; personally;其他:

in general; generally speaking; to be short; to be honest; to tell the truth; as we know; make up one’s mind to do; in a way;

二、记住作文万能句式 I will work hard to make my dream come true. I hope your dream will come true one day. It takes sb.+时间+to do…

Sb. spend(某种人称时态)+时间/钱+on sth./(in) doing sth. It’s important/necessary/useful/useless/common…(for sb.) to v…

It’s nice/kind of sb. to v.. It’s time for sb. to do sth. It’s a waste of time to…

It’s …years/days since sb.+ved

It’s great fun to do=sb. have great fun doing It’s a pity that… It’s an honor to… I’m/We’re not allowed to …

I’m afraid of making mistakes… There be …doing…

Great changes have taken place in… sth is/are well worth v-ing. It seems/seemed that…

It seems (im)possible to v… It is said that…

As the saying goes,…

…and …. are different in many ways. too + adj./adv. to do There are many differences between … and … I have made up my mind to … I am sure that…

I am not sure whether/if… I would rather …. than … It doesn’t matter if…

Thank you for v-ing. If everyone can make a contribution to the earth/ nature/ society, our life will be better and better. have/look for a chance to do do outdoor activities be/get used to (doing) sth. learn…from…

be proud of/ take pride in…

play an important/active part/role in… agree with sb. to do sth. with the help of sb.=with one’s help

(反义:without one’s help)

be/get ready to do sth.= be/ get ready for sth. pay attention to… take good care of … make friends with…

get on/along well with …

wish you successful/success as time goes by… graduate from…

looking back to the past three years,…(用现在完成时态) pass the (final) exam stick to doing keep you mind on your goals make up one’s mind to do sth.(on sth.) make a decision to do work hard at English once in a while/ at times/ now and then from then on in the future(将来)/ in future(从今以后) increase our knowledge in fact/as a matter of fact in the beginning/ at first feel like giving up have trouble/difficulty in (doing) sth. have (no) time to do have experience in (doing) sth. follow one’s advice/suggestions

master some basic … skills be required to do ask sb. for help can’t wait to do be supposed to do encourage sb. to do deal/do with …

work out/solve the problems all sorts/kinds of… at home and abroad one of … be full of…

learn sth. by oneself come up with good ideas be surprised at sth.(to do sth.) in order to keep healthy/fit a good way to v… keep (on) trying worry about…/ be worried about… in one’s spare/free time be kind/friendly to be strict with help others say thank you to…

have fun/enjoy oneself/have a good time plenty of +C/U worry about/be worried about ask sb. for help/ turn to sb. for help/call sb. for help be popular with… share sth. with sb. know little/much about …作文万能短语

do/try one’s best to v… be/feel sorry for…

help sb.(to) do sth./ with sth. in/during class before/after classteach sb. to do sth. wish you successful/success as time goes by… graduate from…

looking back to the past three years,…(用现在完成时态) pass the (final) exam stick to doing keep you mind on your goals make up one’s mind to do sth.(on sth.) make a decision to do work hard at English once in a while/ at times/ now and then from then on in the future(将来)/ in future(从今以后)

increase our knowledge/ enlarge our vocabulary in fact/as a matter of fact in the beginning/ at first feel like giving up have trouble/difficulty in (doing) sth. have (no) time to do have experience in (doing) sth. follow one’s advice/suggestions master some basic … skills be required to do ask sb. for help can’t wait to do be supposed to do encourage sb. to do deal/do with …

work out/solve the problems all sorts/kinds of… at home and abroad one of … be full of…

learn sth. by oneself come up with good ideas be surprised at sth.(to do sth.) in order to

keep healthy/fit a good way to v… keep (on) trying worry about…/ be worried about… in one’s spare/free time be kind/friendly to be strict with help others say thank you to…

have fun/enjoy oneself/have a good time plenty of +C/U worry about/be worried about ask sb. for help/ turn to sb. for help/call sb. for help be popular with… share sth. with sb. know little/much about … do/try one’s best to v… be/feel sorry for…

help sb.(to) do sth./ with sth. in/during class before/after class teach sb. to do sth.三、熟悉写作步骤:

1审题:审清作文体裁(类型)时态、人称等细节;

2列提纲(文章结构框架):分几段,以及每段大体内容;3 写作:在提纲的基础上补充要点;

4复查:2遍1遍看查拼写、语法、标点等问题;2遍不出声读查,靠语感检查语句是否通顺、连贯等;

5誊抄:不允许做任何的更改。

总之做到三审:体裁、时态、人称;三思:词汇>短语>句式;三查:要点、拼写和语法、连贯。作文一般框架:文章分3段:

(1)综述:概括性强,最多2句话引入主题;

(2)正文主要内容:层次性强,一定要有过渡型连接词。最多展开3个方面,每个方面最多2句话;(3)结尾:紧扣主题,2句话内结束,尽量升华。

四、学会列作文提纲:

例一:利弊型作文Microblog的利与弊

Para1:(综述)with the development of internet… more and more popular…

Para2:(利)First, convenient, anywhere, any time; Second, share… with…; Last, express views free, money-free… Para3:(弊)However, one coin has two faces. On the one hand, a waste of timeaffect study; On the other hand, not safestolen, hurt feelings Para4:(个人)As a student, make good use of it.例二:计划安排型作文谈假期安排 Para1:(综述)graduate from…, holiday is coming, plan for this holiday Para2:(正文)Firstly, study comes first. make preparations for the first senior year; Secondly, visit tourist attractions; Last but not least, do sports to build up my body. Para3: I am sure I’ll have a meaningful holiday.(I’m looking forward to the coming holiday.)(I can’t wait to enjoy my summer vocation.)例三:图表、数字比例型作文

(提出讨论或调查的事实)Last week, our class had a class meeting on (how to)… Here are the results.

(表达出不同看法或观点)Most students think … While …20% of them choose to…. Another 15 believe… There are also some… saying that…(表达个人看法) As a student, I agree to…

例四:说明利弊型作文

Nowadays … is becoming more and more popular. It has many advantages . First,优点1… Besides,优点2…

However, every coin has two sides. It also brings us bad influences.

On the one hand,缺点1… On the other hand,缺点2… In my opinion,个人观点…例五:不同观点型

We made a survey about whether we should …提出矛盾问题. Different people hold different ideas. Some believe …正方观点. First,原因1… Besides,原因2…

While others don’t agree. They think…反方观点. On the one hand,原因1… On the other hand,原因2… As for me,个人观点…例六:解决问题型

Recently, the … problem has been more and more serious.…should do something to solve it.

Firstly,方法1… Secondly,方法2… Finally,方法3… I am sure if everyone can make a contribution to …, the … will become better and better.

掌握了以上的写作方法和技巧,经过反复的写作磨练,我相信,参加中考的学子们一定会在中考中写出一篇能够展示内心世界的美丽的英语作文。

范文8:初中英语作文写作技巧

常用连接词:

1.表文章结构顺序:First of all, Firstly/First, Secondly/Second… And then, Finally, In the end, At last 2.表并列补充关系的:What is more, Besides 3.表转折对比关系的:However, but Although+clause(从句),On the one hand… On the other hand… Some…, while others…4.表因果关系的:Because, As ,So, Thus, Therefore, As a result 5.表换一种方式表达:In other words 6.表进行举例说明:For example,句子;For instance,句子;7.表陈述事实:In fact 8.表达自己观点: In my opinion 9.表总结:In a word. In summary 文中正确使用两三个好的句型,如:宾语从句、状语从句、动名词做主语等。宾语从句举例:I believe Tianjin will be more beautiful and prosperous.状语从句举例:If everyone does something for the environment, our hometown will become clean and beautiful.动名词做主语举例:Reading books in the sun is bad for our eyes. It's bad for our eyes to read books in the sun.常用状语从句句型:

1)时间:when, not…until, as soon as 2)目的:so that+从句; to do(为了)

3)结果:so…that+从句, too…to do(太……以至于……)4)条件:if, unless(除非), as long as(只要)

5)让步:though, although, even though, even if ,no matter what/when/where/who/which/how 6)比较:as…as…, not so…as…, than

1.重点句型

1). It is said that +句子据说… It is reported that +句子据报道…2). There is no need to do 没必要做…3). It’s adj for sb to do 做…对某人来说…

4). so /such… that …如此…以至于… too … to do 太…而不能…5). not…until…直到…才…例: I didn’t go to bed until my mother came back。6).The reason why +句子 is that +句子…的原因是…

7). The reason why he got angry was that she told him a lie.( 他生气的原因是她对他说了谎。)8). That is why +句子那是…的原因9). That is because +句子那是因为…10). as we all know,+句子据我们所知

11). it is generally/ publicly known / considered that…,众所周知2.提建议

I suggest / advice that you should do 我建议你做… If I were you, I would do…我要是你的话,我会做… It’s best to do 最好做… had better (not) do 最好(不)做

how about / what about doing …怎么样? I think you should do 我认为你应该…

Why not do / why don’t you do…?为什么不…3.努力做… try to do努力做…

try one’s best to do = do one’s best to do 竭尽全力做… do what sb can (do ) to do 尽力做…4.表示喜欢和感兴趣

like / love doing enjoy doing be fond of doing 喜欢做…

prefer to do A rather than do B 宁愿做A也不愿做B be interested in doing = show/ take great interest in n / doing 5.表示想/希望 want to do = would like to do 想做… hope to do 希望做… expect to do 期待着做… wish to do 希望做… consider doing 考虑做…6.打算做…/ 计划做…

plan to do 打算做… be going to do 打算做… decide to do 决定做… make up one’s mind to do 下定决心做…

7.只加doing 作宾语的动词2011年中考英语满分作文七大类必背句型

finish 完成/ practice 练习/ suggest建议/ consider 考虑/ mind 介意/ enjoy 喜欢doing look forward to doing 盼望做… keep on doing 坚持做… dream of doing 梦想做… can’t help doing 情不自禁地做…

keep / stop / prevent sb. from doing 阻止某人做… be busy (in ) doing be busy with +名词忙于做…

spend time / money (in )doing spend time / money on +名词花费时间做… have fun / have a good time / enjoy oneself doing 玩得开心

have trouble / have problem / have difficulty (in) doing 或 with +名词做…有困难写好中考英语作文结尾四方式. 自然结尾,点明主题

随着文章的结束,文章自然而然地结尾。如“Helping the Policeman (帮助警察)”的结尾可以是:The two children were praised by the police and they felt happy.再如“The Tortoise and the Hare(龟兔赛跑)”的结尾可以是:When the hare got to the tree, the tortoise had already been there。

2.首尾呼应,升华主题在文章的结尾可以用含义较深的话点明主题,深化主题,起到“画龙点睛”的效果。如“I Love My Hometown(我爱家乡)”的结尾可以是:I love my hometown, and I am proud of it.3.反问结尾,引起深思

这种方式的结尾虽然形式是问句,但意义却是肯定的,而且具有一定的强调作用,可引起他人的深思。如“Learning English can give us a lot of pleasure (学英语能为我们带来许多乐趣)”的结尾可以是:If we learn English well, we can …Don’t you think learning English is great fun?4.表达祝愿,阐述愿望

这种方式的结尾常出现在书信或演讲稿的文体中,表示对他人的祝福或对将来的展望等。如“A Letter to the Farmers(给农民们的一封信)”的结尾可以是:I hope the farmers' life will be better and better.另外,书信的结尾常有以下形式的祝福语:Best wishes;I wish you a merry Christmas and a happy new year;I wish you have a good time等。中考英语写好作文开头四方式1.“开门见山”式开头

一般来说,文章的开头应尽量做到“开门见山”,即要用简单明了的语言引出文章的话题,使人一开始就能了解文章要说明的内容。

①对于叙事类的文章,可以在开头把人物、时间、事件和环境交代清楚。如“A Trip toHuangshan(黄山之旅)”的开头可以是:Last month, my family went to Huangshan by train. It took us ten hours to get there. What a long and tiring journey! We were tired but the beautiful scenery excited us.②对于论述性的文章,可以在开头处先阐明自己的观点,接着展开进一步的论述。如“The Time and the Money (时间和金钱)”的开头可以是:Most people say that money is more important than time. But I don’t think so. First, when money is used up, you can earn it back, but……2.回忆性开头

在描述事件或游记类的文章中,采用回忆性的开头往往更能吸引人的眼球。这种类型的开头中通常含有描述自己心情或情绪的词汇,如never forget(永远无法忘记)、 remember (记得)、unforgettable(难以忘怀的)、 exciting(令人激动的)、surprising(令人惊讶的)、sad (难过的)……如“A Trip to Huangshan(黄山之旅)”的开头还以这样写:I will never forget my first trip to Huangshan.或It was really an unforgettable experience I had.3.疑问性开头

在叙事类或论述性的文章中,都可采用疑问型开头,这样既可以吸引阅卷者的注意又容易抓住中心。如“Planting Trees(种树)”的开头可以是:Have you ever planted trees? Don’t you think planting trees is ……再如“Traveling Abroad(出国之旅)”的开头可以是:If you have an opportunity to travel abroad, why not consider Singapore?4.倒叙式开头

在有的文章,特别是叙事类的文章中,可以采用倒叙的写作手法,先写出事件的结果,再陈述过程。如“Catching Thieves (捉贼)”的开头可以这样写:I lay in bed in the hospital. I smiled at my friends even though my legs hurt. Do you want to know what happened to me? Let me tell you. It’s a ... story.